# How to Calculate CGPA in Any Nigerian University

It is very nice for a student in any University to know how to calculate his/her CGPA. This helps the student know their academic performance and to know the grade he/she will graduate with.

## mWhat Grading System is Nigerian University using?

Adoption of the 4 point grading system in Nigerian Universities with effect from the 2016/2017 academic session starting with the first year students.

The 4 point grading system is summarized below:

 SCORES LETTER GRADE POINT 70 – 100 A 4 60 – 69 B 3 50 – 59 C 2 45 – 49 D 1 0 – 44 E/F 0

## DEGREE CLASSIFICATION

 CUMULATIVE GRADE POINT CLASSIFICATION OF DEGREE 3.50 – 4.00 FIRST CLASS 3.00 – 3.49 SECOND CLASS UPPER 2.00 – 2.99 SECOND CLASS LOWER 1.00 – 1.99 THIRD CLASS <1.00 FAIL

NOTE:

The older students should maintain the 5 point grading system and graduate with it.

This method also applies for the 5 point grading system

## How to CALCULATION OF GPA & CGPA

Students are required to be familiar with the computation of their academic standing so that they can monitor their performance and make necessary adjustment in order to have a fulfilling academic career in the university. Students should be familiar with the following terms used in computing their academic records.

GP: GRADE POINT; is derived from the actual percentage or raw score of a given course e.g Grade A = 4 Points, Grade B = 3 Points etc.

TGP: TOTAL GRADE POINT; is derived from multiplying the grade point by the units per course and summing up the grade points for all the courses registered.

TNU: TOTAL NUMBER UNITS; is obtained by adding up all the units of courses taken by the student in the semester.

GPA: GRADE POINT AVERAGE; is the average of weighted grade obtained by dividing the TGP by the TNU for a semester.

CGPA: CUMULATIVE GRADE POINT AVERAGE; is the update average of the grade points earned by the student in programme of study. It is computed by adding the GPAs acquired by the student in the two semesters and then divided by 2.

TABLE 1: ASSUMED STUDENT’S GRADES IN HARMATTAN SEMESTER YEAR ONE

 S/N COURSE CODE UNIT GRADE GRADE POINT 1 MTH 101 4 A 4 X 4 = 16 2 PHY 101 4 A 4 X 4 = 16 3 CHM 101 4 A 4 X 4 = 16 4 BIO 101 3 A 3 X 4 = 12 5 ENG 101 1 A 1 X 4 = 4 6 ENG 103 1 A 1 X 4 = 4 7 GST 101 2 A 2 X 4 = 8 8 GST 103 1 A 1 X 4 = 4 9 IGB 101 1 A 1 X 4 = 4 TNU = 21 TGP = 84

From the table above, using the scale of 4 for grade A:

TNU = 21, TGP = 84

GPA = TGP/TNU = 84/21 = 4.00

TABLE 2: ASSUMED STUDENT’S GRADES IN RAIN SEMESTER YEAR ONE

 S/N COURSE CODE UNIT GRADE GRADE POINT 1 MTH 102 4 A 4 X 4 = 16 2 PHY 102 4 C 4 X 2 = 8 3 CHM 102 4 B 4 X 3 = 12 4 BIO 102 2 F 3 X 0 = 0 5 ENG 102 1 C 1 X 2 = 2 6 GST 102 2 C 2 X 2 = 4 7 GST 108 2 B 2 X 3 = 6 8 GST 110 1 C 1 X 2 = 2 9 IGB 102 1 C 1 X 2 = 2 TNU = 21 TGP = 52

From the table above, using the scale of 4 for grade A:

TNU = 21, TGP = 52

GPA = TGP/TNU = 52/21 = 2.48

CGPA = GPA(For Harmattan Semester)+GPA(For Rain Semester)/2

CGPA = (4.00+2.48)/2= 3.24 (Second CLASS UPPER)

Using this method every Nigerian student can now calculate  his or her GPA. This is how to calculate cgpa in Nigeria.

If you have any questions, regarding How to Calculate CGPA in Any Nigerian University feel free to comment.